Severe pronation is themain cause. These people tend to toe out and roll in at theankles. At heel strike they hit the outside of the heel, rollinto foot flat and as they continue to roll forward, tend todrive their first metatarsal phalangeal joint out through theedge of the shoe into the concrete. This causes excessive stressand inflammation. As the inflammation progresses, the body putson more bone, this irritates easier and causes more inflammationand puts on yet more bone. The enlarged bone presses on the sideof the shoes, presses back against the joint causing moreirritation. Overlapping toes are often theresult with associated arthritis. Flat foot is a very common problem and for many, it may not cause any problems at all. Problem start to occur when the deformity worsens and leads to malalignment of the axis of the limb leading to imbalances in the ankle, knees, hips and back. Flat foot can be congenital or acquired during the adult life. The shape of the foot is determind by many factors such as genes, bones, muscles, supporting tendons and ligaments. Any pathology or injury to these structures can lead to flat foot. In addition to this, physio will be require to stretch the muscles which are frequently contracted due to flat feet. The term "orthotics" encompasses many different types of devices designed to correct, alleviate or adjust biomechanical foot disorders. You can get orthotics custom made to fit your feet, or buy them over the counter in a pharmacy. Orthotics range from cushioned heel cups, arch supports or cushioned insoles. There's a requisite break-in time that you have to employ when using orthotics, starting out by using them just an hour a day and gradually increasing. There are several things to keep in mind when using orthotics with dress shoes. When the child is asked to stand on tip-toe, the arch usually reconstitutes, and the heel goes into mild varus Fig. 2. Mountain Pose is the foundational yoga pose for all standing poses. Practicing the pose reduces flat feet, says YogaJournal.com and betters your overall posture. Stand with your feet hip-distance apart. Have your second toe face forward and align your hips directly over your ankles, and your shoulders directly over your hips. Gaze forward and make your chin parallel to the ground. Let your arms hang alongside your thighs, palms facing out. Stand like a mountain and stay in the pose for one minute. Warrior II Pose Podiatrists are recognised as vital members of the medical care workforce in controlling and managing lower limb difficulties for the people living with diabetes. Low blood oxygen, also called hypoxemia, occurs when oxygen supply to the bloodstream is reduced or interrupted. Your body needs oxygen in the blood in order for organs to perform properly. Blood oxygen is monitored by an instrument called the oximeter. Normal readings are 95 to 100 at sea level and readings under 90 are considered low, according to the Mayo Clinic. There are ways to improve oxygen saturation in the blood. Glucose is a simple carbohydrate that serves as the primary source of energy for living organisms. Glucose levels are measured by blood and urine tests, and like any other body chemistry, it has normal and abnormal ranges.